What Historically Ignorant Americans Don't Know About Blacks and the Confederacy

Image credit: shutterstock.com
Image credit: shutterstock.com

Last July, Anthony Hervey, an outspoken black advocate for the Confederate flag, was killed in a car crash. Arlene Barnum, a surviving passenger in the vehicle, told authorities and the media that they had been forced off the road by a carload of “angry young black men” after Hervey, while wearing his Confederate kepi, stopped at a convenience store en route to his home in Oxford, Mississippi. His death was in no small part caused by the gross level of ignorance, organized deceit and anger about the War of 1861. Much of the ignorance stems from the fact that most Americans believe the war was initiated to free slaves, when in truth, freeing slaves was little more than an afterthought. I want to lay out a few quotations and ask what you make of them.

During the “Civil War,” ex-slave Frederick Douglass observed, “There are at the present moment many colored men in the Confederate army doing duty not only as cooks, servants and laborers, but as real soldiers, having muskets on their shoulders, and bullets in their pockets, ready to shoot down loyal troops, and do all that soldiers may to destroy the Federal Government and build up that of the traitors and rebels” (Douglass’ Monthly, September 1861).

“For more than two years, negroes had been extensively employed in belligerent operations by the Confederacy. They had been embodied and drilled as Rebel soldiers, and had paraded with White troops at a time when this would not have been tolerated in the armies of the Union.” (Horace Greeley, in his book, “The American Conflict”).

“Over 3,000 negroes must be included in this number (of Confederate troops). These were clad in all kinds of uniforms, not only in cast-off or captured United States uniforms, but in coats with Southern buttons, State buttons, etc.

These were shabby, but not shabbier or seedier than those worn by white men in rebel ranks. Most of the negroes had arms, rifles, muskets, sabres, bowie-knives, dirks, etc. They were supplied, in many instances, with knapsacks, haversacks, canteens, etc., and were manifestly an integral portion of the Southern Confederacy Army. They were seen riding on horses and mules, driving wagons, riding on caissons, in ambulances, with the staff of Generals, and promiscuously mixed up with all the rebel horde” (report by Dr. Lewis H. Steiner, chief inspector of the U.S. Sanitary Commission).

In April 1861, a Petersburg, Virginia, newspaper proposed “three cheers for the patriotic free Negroes of Lynchburg” after 70 blacks offered “to act in whatever capacity” had been “assigned to them” in defense of Virginia.

Those are but a few examples of the important role that blacks served as soldiers, freemen and slaves on the side of the Confederacy. The flap over the Confederate flag is not quite so simple as the nation’s race “experts” make it. They want us to believe the flag is a symbol of racism. Yes, racists have used the Confederate flag as their symbol, but racists have also marched behind the U.S. flag and have used the Bible. Would anyone suggest banning the U.S. flag from state buildings and references to the Bible?

Black civil rights activists, their white liberal supporters and historically ignorant Americans who attack the Confederate flag have committed a deep, despicable dishonor to our patriotic Southern black ancestors who marched, fought and died not to protect slavery but to protect their homeland from Northern aggression. They don’t deserve the dishonor. Dr. Leonard Haynes, a black professor at Southern University, stated, “When you eliminate the black Confederate soldier, you’ve eliminated the history of the South.”


WalterWilliamsWalter E. Williams is a professor of economics at George Mason University.

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  1. It is a pathetic myth for the rubes that there were black Comfederate soldiers.

  2. Eliminating black courage, commitment, honor has always been a goal of Democrats all through history. Their methods changed when slavery and segregation failed, they adjusted . Now Dems believe black votes BELONG to them in exchange for a social net inches above the ground.

  3. This article is at odds with historical documents, in which Confederate states stated slavery as their reason — and objected to slaves enlisting until the very end of the war, when they were desperate. It’s okay to be wrong — but leaving misinformation up on a “black community” website, in an article decrying ignorance, amounts to willful ignorance once corrected, and hurts us all.


    • There were free blacks, not just slaves. So just because slaves were not allowed to enlist does not mean that blacks were not in the Confederacy. Furthermore you stated that slaves were not allowed to enlist until the war was nearing the end, which means slaves could/did enlist!

    • Sandi, you forget to mention that the Confederate constitution banned future imports of slaves. Lincoln was for sending slaves back to Africa. Lincoln used slaves for propaganda when the union was loosing and the north didn’t end slavery till after the war. Whine all you want, these black confederates deserve to be honored.

  4. I’ve known about this for some years and remember an independent movie made about this (totally ignored by mainstream reviews) where friendly Southern blacks and whites gladly fought for their homeland. It’s even bigger as Charles T. Wilcox has explained on his must read book Transformation of the Republic. Michale Hoffman ll has also written about Gen. Lee’s black soldiers that accounted well of themselves. Alas, the usual white washing of history still prevails.

  5. Happy to see this post u so right the war was mostly over taxes

  6. Blacks and whites fought SIDE BY SIDE in the INTEGRATED southern forces. And unlike their northern counterparts the Blacks got FULL PAY. 50-90 thousand estimated southern troops were black. The southerners did not put race on the muster rolls. The black numbers had to be reconstructed from the Pension records

  7. The Southerners live in an integrated society , and despite Slavery, the Blacks were respected more in the South than the North. Many Northern states would not let blacks settle there. Most northern states opposed slavery because they maintained the US territory was for the WHITE race, and did not want Southerners to bring their “Blacks” with them. —Reconstruction abuses is what caused the racialrelations to REVERSE AFTER the war.

  8. Thank you Mr. Williams for writing this article. It takes guts to face opposition. Hopefully, this will open the eyes of people who want to know the truth about black confederates.

  9. My best friend while I served in the US army told me of his great great granpap who served with Stonewall Jackson… showed me pic… and his whole family tree… He was from his only son born to him before he died at Gettysburg… He said the war was about government invasion into personal property not slavery… He also said that some of the largest plantations in Georgia were owned by black men….. Funny how the left likes to tell the lies all the time

  10. we sure could use some of these comments on a video we made about the confederate flag https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-YUmfXPhL3I